We are in the fight of our lives. But standing at the eighteenth hole on a gorgeous
spring morning, one might hardly feel in danger. This conflict, however, is very real.
Paul lays emphasis on the reality of this struggle, stressing that it is both difficult
and dangerous. Will we never seriously put on the whole armor of God if we do not
believe that this spiritual battle is real, difficult, and dangerous? Charles Hodge expressed it like this: “Salvation, however gratuitous, is not to be obtained without
great effort” (Ephesians, Wheaton: Crossway Books, 1994, p. 210).
Be Strong in the Lord
When Paul outlines the blessedness of the gospel in Ephesians 1-3, he intends to
motivate us to live like God desires (Eph 4-6) — in the church, before the world, and
within our families – regardless of the circumstances in which we find ourselves. Paul’s concluding incentive is found in Ephesians 6:10-20, and it begins with the
following command: “Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his
might” (Eph. 6:10).
The term “finally” identifies a transition and a conclusion. Paul’s final thought
identifies the need and source for strength.
“Be strong” translates a word that means to be strengthened, be empowered. The verb is in the present tense form, demonstrating the abiding need for this strength.
The need for the Lord’s power is constant, for the battle rages.
The verb is passive, which indicates that the strength is supplied from without; it is
a power beyond our own ability to muster. “Be made strong,” Paul implores.
It is also noteworthy that this term is in the imperative mood, signifying the
personal responsibility required to utilize the divine might. This power must be appropriated; it is there for the taking by the one who sees its necessity.
“You must see to it that you continue to let yourself be empowered,” Paul says, “in
the Lord.” Not merely “by the Lord,” although that is true.But “in the Lord,” which is
being in fellowship with Christ, with all of the duties and blessings associated
therewith. This power is to be known, and an understanding of it is something for
which we should pray (Eph. 1:16-19). The more we know about the Lord, the more we value our Savior, the stronger we will be.
Put on the Whole Armor of God
Ephesians 6:11 describes how the strength — the power that corresponds to his
might — is employed. “Be strong in the Lord,” Paul affirms. Then he states, “Put on
the whole armor of God.” The power of which Paul speaks comes from being
equipped by God for the battle. The spiritual body armor will equip the soldier so that he can stand firm in the fight (vv. 11,13,14).
Every component is important, and because it is the armor of God, it is effective.
Only by using God’s armor, his strength and his power, can we persevere in the
conflict. Without the divine supplies, we are fodder for the forces of evil. Without
this preparedness, we cannot stand.
We must stand against the “wiles of the devil.” The word “wiles” translates the term methodeia. This noun is unknown in Greek literature until Paul’s use of the term in
Ephesians 4:14 and 6:11. Methodeia “can be defined as the well-thought-out,
methodical art of leading astray, what we would call ‘machinations’” (Ceslas Spicq,
Theological Lexicon of the New Testament, Transl. and ed. by James D. Ernest,
Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1994, Vol. 2, p. 462).
The devil has many methods as evidenced by the plural use of the word; he has “wiles.” Neither Paul, nor Peter (1 Pet. 5:8), intended for us to underestimate this
infamous foe. But we “are able to stand against” his diabolical stratagems when we
put on the panoply (from the Greek term for “whole armor”) of God.
The Spiritual Warfare
Paul begins the next verse with the term “for” (Grk. gar), explaining the conflict’s
nature. The power of God is necessary because the wiles of the devil involve a spiritual struggle, reinforced by the spiritual hosts of wickedness. Paul identifies
the devil’s allies when he writes, “For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood,
but against the principalities, against the powers, against world-rulers of this
darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” (v. 12).
This is an intense, close-quarters battle — a wrestling. While we may be tempted
and tried through other human beings, Paul intends for us to identify the real source of the conflict. These enemies of God and man are described in a four-fold
manner, indicating that they have a sphere of influence and a power to utilize.
These tyrants operate in “this darkness,” an allusion to their antagonism and
opposition to God. They are spiritual ones of wickedness — an insinuation of their
choice to pursue rebellion and evil (cf. 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6; Mt. 25:41).
This battle is as real as the devil himself. To deny the existence of the devil is a flat rejection of the Bible’s divine inspiration. The Lord said that eternal fire was
prepared for “the devil and his angels” (Mt. 25:41). He is Satan, the adversary; he is
the devil, our accuser — the enemy of God and man. He is our enemy, the serpent,
the dragon, the always-tempting one, the deceiver, the father of lies, a murderer
from the beginning, ruler of this world, and prince of the power of the air (1 Pet. 5:8;
Mt. 13:25; Rev. 12:10; Rom. 16:20; Rev. 20:2; Mt. 4:3; 1 Thes. 3:5; Jn. 8:44; 12:31; Eph. 2:2). And he is not alone in his evil schemes (Mt. 25:41). These created beings
are subject to the sovereignty of God, exercise only limited authority, are fallen and
condemned, and will ultimately be defeated by the Lord (2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6; Heb.
2:16; 1 Cor. 15:24-25). They will suffer eternal punishment (Mt. 25:41).
The warfare is clearly understood through the devil’s actions throughout history. In
the garden of Eden, he brought upon mankind the curse of death. In Bethlehem, he hoped to kill man’s Savior — the infant Christ. In the wilderness, he tempted the
Lord to abandon his mission, and in the garden of Gethsemane, he hoped betrayal
would demoralize and deliver him. On Calvary, he hoped to isolate him, but on the
resurrection morning, the devil’s head was stomped, and his days are numbered.
Put on the armor of God, and Satan cannot defeat you (Eph. 5:13; 1 Jn. 5:18), for
our great God and Savior the Lord Jesus Christ has been victorious, having conquered him who had power over death, that is the devil (Heb. 2:14). Christ
Jesus has the keys of death and hades (Rev. 1:18).
The Armor of God
Paul rehearses that which the child of God must put on, keep on, and rely on. The
soldier of Christ must gird his waist with truth, put on the breastplate of
righteousness, have his feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace, take up the shield of faith, take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit,
which is the Word of God (Eph. 6:14-17).
The adversary plans to deceive the mind. How easy it is to get someone to go
along with something, as long as they think it is alright. “You will not surely die,” the
devil lied (Gen. 3:4). And he is still lying, convincing people to question God’s word.
We need, therefore, to fasten on the belt of truth, by having a love, knowledge of, and belief in the truth (2 Thes. 2:10; 1 Tim. 2:4; 2 Thes. 2:13).
The tempter will attack the will as well as the mind. We cannot continue in sin, but
we must wholly dedicate ourselves to righteous living in order to have the
protection available with the breastplate of the righteousness of God (Rom. 6:1ff).
The devil hopes to weaken our resolve, but the gospel that provides peace equips
us with firm spiritual footing. The evil one wants to destroy our hope and diminish our convictions, but the shield
of faith will quench all his fiery darts. But we must lift it up. We must believe what
God reveals and do what the Lord requires. This is biblical, shield-like faith.
Satan would tempt us to minimize the importance of salvation. He would like for us
to think of it as a past experience only. Paul encourages us, however, to recall and
consider the meaning of salvation today. We are saved by the grace of God through faith, and therein we stay. We have had our access by faith into the grace
in which we abide, and we must remain in it (Rom. 5:1-2). If, at any time, we rely on
our own merit, we are severed from Christ and fallen from grace (Gal. 5:4; cf. 1 Jn.
If we fail to spiritually develop, Peter says that it is because we have forgotten the
cleansing of our old sins (2 Pet. 1:9; Acts 2:38). Salvation! Receive it and be moved by the great love wherewith he loved us, and salvation constantly appreciated will
be your helmet.
The sword of the Spirit is the word of God. The Spirit supplies the cutting power,
because these are the words of God (cf. Heb. 4:12). The Christian should not
underestimate the power of this weapon. It is indispensable. It is, in reality, the
source from which all these spiritual attributes are obtained. It is how we learn the truth. It reveals God’s plan of justification and righteousness. It unfolds the gospel
plan, and thereby is the source our faith (Rom. 10:17). Through it, we are saved
(Jas. 1:21).
By reading four to five chapters a day, one can read through the Old Testament
once and the New Testament twice in a year. Only by giving it our time and
affection will we be like an unmovable, beautiful, fruitful tree (Ps. 1). Or, in the metaphor of Ephesians 6, one must wield the word of God, or die the second
Every preacher, elder, deacon, mother, father, and teenager — every member of the
Lord’s church who neglects the word of God, needs torepent and ask the Lord’s
pardon. Put your eyes on the book and the book in your heart, “that I might not sin
against thee” (Ps. 119:11). This battle is real, difficult, and dangerous. We ought to take our sword and armor very seriously, and be made strong in the Lord.
Ephesians 1-3; Ephesians 4-6; Ephesians 6:10-20; Ephesians 6:10; Ephesians
1:16-19; Ephesians 6:11; Ephesians 4:14; 1 Peter 5:8; Jude 6; Matthew 25:41;
Matthew 13:25; Revelation 12:10; Romans 16:20; Revelation 20:2; Matthew 4:3; 1
Thessalonians 3:5; John 8:44, 12:31; Ephesians 2:2; 2 Peter 2:4; Hebrews 2:16; 1 Corinthians 15:24-25; Ephesians 5:13; 1 John 5:18; Hebrews 2:14; Revelation 1:18;
Ephesians 6:14-17; Genesis 3:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:10; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2
Thessalonians 2:13; Romans 6:1; Romans 5:1-2; Galatians 5:4; John 1:7-9; 2 Peter
1:9; Acts 2:38; Hebrews 4:12; Romans 10:17; James 1:21; Psalm 1; Ephesians 6;
Psalm 119:11


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